Ryzen 7 and Ryzen 5 processors are based on the new “Zen” microarchitecture. The “Zen” architecture is a new design from the ground up, with a better core engine, improved cache system and lower power consumption. The new design will provide more than 52% improvement in instructions-per-clock over the last generation AMD core.
The “Zen” processors require newly designed motherboards with socket AM4. There are currently 3 available chipset options for the Ryzen family of processors. Two of the chipsets, the X370 and B350, are unlocked for overclocking.
One of the exciting new features of the Ryzen processors is AMDs SenseMI Technology. This new technology uses highly accurate sensors throughout the CPU to monitor temperature and voltages. All Ryzen CPUs with the “x” suffix, utilize XFR (extended frequency range) technology. This new feature checks the CPU temperature with AMD’s SenseMI technology and overclocks itself in 25MHz increments. The cooler the processor is, the better the overclock.
It is obvious to see from the naming of their processors, AMD is aiming the Ryzen 7 to compete with Intel i7 processors, while the Ryzen 5 is set to compete with the Intel i5 processors. The Ryzen 7 processors are 8-Core processors.
Ryzen 7 1800X 8-Core, 16 Thread 3.6 GHz / 4.0 GHz $499
Ryzen 7 1700X 8-Core, 16 Thread 3.4 GHz / 3.8 GHz $399
Ryzen 7 1700 8-Core, 16 Thread 3.0 GHz / 3.7 GHz $329
The Ryzen 5 processors are a mix of 4-Core and 6-Core processors.
Ryzen 5 1600X 6-Core, 12 Thread 3.6 GHz / 4.0 GHz $249
Ryzen 5 1600 6-Core, 12 Thread 3.2 GHz / 3.6 GHz $219
Ryzen 5 1500X 4-Core, 8 Thread 3.5 GHz / 3.7 GHz $189
Ryzen 5 1400 4-Core, 8 Thread 3.2 GHz / 3.4 GHz $169
AMD will be releasing the less expensive Ryzen 3 CPUs sometime later this year. They are made to compete with the Intel i3 processors.
What is truly exciting, is that for the first time in many years AMD has processors that can compete with Intel. Many people will remember the days of the AMD Athlon when AMD had superior processors to Intel. Once Intel delivered the Core 2 processors, they were back on top to stay. While Intel is still on top in many respects, at least AMD is in a competitive range.